You can schedule or automate a comparison or synchronization with the help of Schema Compare and Windows Task Scheduler.
Scheduling database synchronization includes the following steps:
First, you need to create a file with the .bat extension for comparing or synchronizing the databases.
To create the .bat file, do the following:
1. On the standard toolbar, click New Schema Comparison. The Schema Synchronizaton Wizard window opens.
2. On the Source and Target tab, select the source and target connections and databases for comparison and click Next.
3. On the Options tab, select the options for schema comparison and then click Next.
For more information about options, refer to Configure comparison options.
4. Optional: On the Schema Mapping tab, edit schema mapping settings for schema comparison and then click Next.
By default, Schema Compare automatically maps objects with the same name and schema. For more information about mapping settings, refer to Map schemas.
5. Optional: On the Table Mapping tab, verify the objects to be compared or change the mapping of tables and columns, and then click Compare to run the comparison process.
By default, Schema Compare automatically maps tables and columns having the same name in the source and target data sources. For more information about mapping tables and columns with different names, refer to Map tables and columns.
6. In the Schema Compare window, select the objects you want to synchronize and click Synchronize objects to the target database.
7. In the Schema Synchronization Wizard that opens, set the synchronization options and then click Save Command Line.
8. In the Command line execution file settings window that opens, verify and configure the settings to manage the *.bat file text.
Command-line file settings
|Comparison Project||No||Load command-line settings from the previously created comparison project file with the .scomp extension.|
|Source||Yes||Specify the source options: a server, a database, a connection, a snapshot, a backup, and a scripts folder.|
|Target||Yes||Specify the target options: a server, a database, a connection, a snapshot, a backup, and a scripts folder.|
|Comparison Options||No||Set options to manage the comparison process.|
|Report||No||Generate a schema comparison report file.|
|Report Format||No||Specify the format of the file comparison report: HTML (selected by default), XML, XMLFOREXCEL. If not specified, the format of the file comparison report takes the extension of the report file.|
|Include Objects||No||Specify the objects to be included in the report:
All (selected by default) - all objects
Filtered - filtered objects
Diff - objects with differences
SelectForSync - objects selected for the synchronization.
|Log File||No||Generate a comparison log file in the specified directory.|
|Synchronization||Yes||Start database synchronization. If an output file is specified, only synchronization script will be generated.|
|Synchronization Options||No||Set options to manage the synchronization script.|
|Synchronization File||Yes||Specify a path to the database synchronization script file.|
|Execute||No||Execute the file received in the result of the previous commands execution.|
|Error Code||No||Enable the processing of error levels.|
|Arguments File||No||Specify a command-line arguments file. If a path to the arguments file is specified, a separate command-line file will be generated.|
|Echo OFF||No||Disable echoing all commands in the batch file. All the text in the batch file is enclosed in the @Echo OFF … @Echo ON command.|
|Keep opened||No||Set a pause command at the end of the batch file text. The command window will be opened.|
|PowerShell||No||Generate the & symbol at the beginning of the batch file text. This makes the batch file compatible with PowerShell.|
9. Optional: To verify that the command line settings are valid, click Validate.
10. To save the script as a *.bat file, click Save.
After the batch file for database synchronization has been created, we can proceed with the creation of a synchronization task using the Windows Task Scheduler so that the computer can carry out the task automatically.
To create a Windows synchronization task, do the following:
1. Open the Control Panel > Administrative Tools and select Task Scheduler.
2. In the Task Scheduler window that opens, navigate to the Actions pane and click Create Basic Task to create a scheduled task.
For quick access to the Task Scheduler, just start typing task in the Windows 10 search bar. Once you see the Task Scheduler in the list, click it to open.
3. In the Create Basic Task Wizard window that opens, specify the name and description of the task and click Next.
4. On the Trigger tab, choose when to launch the task and then click Next.
5. On the Action tab, click Start a program to schedule a program to start automatically and then click Next.
6. On the Start a Program subtab, click Browse to select the .bat file you have created in the Schema Synchronization Wizard and then click Next.
There are optional fields that you can set:
7. On the Finish tab, verify the settings and click Finish.
The task will be displayed in the Active Tasks section.