Using Parameters

What is a Parameter?

A parameter is a placeholder for a variable that contains a value of some type that is passed to a database server along with the SQL text at the query execution time. Also, a parameter can hold values returned by a server after the query or stored procedure execution.

You can benefit from using parameters in the following situations:

  • When you execute a query multiple times with different input values

  • When you debug a query from your application code

Adding Parameters to a Query Text

Parameters are declared using @ prefix followed by the parameter name. A prefix is included in the name of the parameter.

For example:

SELECT
  Employee.*
FROM
  HumanResources.Employee
WHERE
  Employee.Title = @Job AND
  Employee.VacationHours <= @Level

@Job and @Level are parameters in this query.

Modifying Parameter Values and Types

When you run a query that contains parameters with empty values, you will automatically be prompted to initialize them.

To set parameter values and types, select Edit Parameters option from the SQL menu or press F8. In the Edit Parameters dialog box, set parameters’ type, value, and other properties.

Edit Parameters

Note

When you execute a query with preset parameter values, you will not be automatically prompted to edit them. To edit parameters, press F8 or select Edit Parameters option from the SQL menu.